Aravind News Team

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Over the years, Aravind has built good will and trust amongst patients coming from bordering districts of Andhra Pradesh. A number of patients from southern part of the state have been visiting Aravind Eye Hospitals to avail quality eye treatment and this is increasing year after year. Several years ago, what used to be a small number of patients, has now steadily increased to over a 150 patients every day with about 50 of them getting operated. Most of these patients come to Aravind for speciality eye surgeries which are complex and are provided at reasonable charges or at subsidised cost for those who belong to poor socioeconomic groups. Many of them have to come for several review visits following surgery and the cost involved in the travel makes the entire treatment cycle expensive for many. Recognizing these hardships, Aravind finally established a hospital closer to their homes, in Tirupati with the support of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, who allocated the land at a nominal lease.
Since more than 80% of Aravind’s work-force is constituted by women, International Women’s Day was celebrated with a wide variety of programmes. It is also important to note several senior lady doctors received awards from various forums on this occasion.
World Glaucoma Week was observed with great fervour. Glaucoma being the silent thief of sight, the need to have regular eye examination and compliance to treatment were stressed during the awareness creation programmes.
News about these and many more feature in this issue.

Awards at the Annual Conference of Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology
Bangkok, Thailand, March 06-09


Dr. R. Venkatesh, Chief Medical Officer, Aravind-Pondicherry, Dr. Mahesh Kumar, Chief, Neuro-ophthalmology Services, Aravind-Madurai and Dr. Naresh Babu, Chief, Retina and Vitreous Services, Aravind-Madurai received Achievement Awards.

Dr. Rashmita Ravishankar, DNB Resident, Aravind-Pondicherry received Most Pupular e-poster Award for the poster titled, Calibration of Various Tonometers: Shiotz, Goldmann, Perkins, Non-contact, iCare, and Tonopen.

Dr. Pavan Kumar, Medical Consultant, Aravind-Pondicherry won Most Popular Video Award for the video titled, Family Screening: An Effective Way to Combat Glaucoma Blindness.
Heroes of Ophthalmology Award for Dr. Natchiar
Madurai, March 09
Dr. Natchiar, Director-Emeritus received the award from MS Chellamuthu Trust and Research Foundation, Madurai on the occasion of International Women’s Day.
Dr. R.D. Ravindran Delivers Dr. Alim Memorial Lecture
Dhaka Bangladesh, March 20, 2019
Dr. R.D. Ravindran, Chairman, Aravind Eye Care System delivered Alim Memorial Lecture at the 46th Annual National Conference, conducted by Ophthalmological Society of  Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Twin Awards for Dr. Usha Kim
Madurai, March 09


Dr. Usha Kim, Chief, Orbit, Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology Clinic at Aravind-Madurai received two awards on the occasion of International Women’s Day
- Vocational Excellence Award for the year 2018-2018 from Rotary Club of Madurai Blossom
- Award of Excellence: Elegance of womanhood from BNI Chanakyaas, Madurai
Sri Venkateswara Aravind Eye Hospital Formally Inaugurated
Tirupati, March 04


Compassionate world-class eye care at an affordable cost, has come to serve at Tirupati with the formal inauguration of Sri Venkateswara Aravind Eye Hospital by Shri Chandrababu Naidu Garu, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.  The hospital has been providing outpatient services since December 2018. Senior leadership team of Aravind, prominent leaders in the community, officials from Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, managers and staff were present during the inauguration.  The 2.7 Lakh sq.ft hospital facility has the capacity to handle 4 lakh outpatients and perform about 30,000 eye surgeries per year. Like any other Aravind centre, the hospital will have 50% of the services as paying and 50 % as either free or at deeply subsidised rate.
Orientation workshop on Redcap Software
Aravind-Madurai, March 02
The Department of Biostatistics conducted the one-day workshop for the 27 study coordinators involved in various research projects across Aravind centres. 27 participants attended.  

Women’s Day Celebrations
Aravind & Aurolab, March 08


Various Aravind centres and Aurolab celebrated International Women’s Day with great enthusiasm. At Aurolab, various competitions were organised such as kolam, art from Aurolab waste materials and debate.  Mrs. Sangeeth Radha, Professor, Thiagarajar College was invited as judge for debate.  Prizes were distributed to all the winners and runners up.

At Aravind-Madurai, a two-week yoga course was conducted for MLOPs through Azhiyar Arivu Thirukovil. 42 MLOPs received certificate.

Aravind-Pondicherry organized several programmes. Nurses participated in the events organised by Suryan FM at Jayaraman Thirumana Nilayam, Pondicherry. Ms. Deepa, Housekeeping supervisor won the Second Prize in Rangoli competition. Mrs. Vaijeyanthi Rajan from Karaikal delivered a motivational speech to MLOP sisters on the topic “Puthiyathore Ulagam Seivom”.  A boat ride was organised for lady doctors at Chunnambar late. Food festival was organised for all lady staff members.  

At Aravind-Salem, Rangoli and drawing competitions were organised for MLOPs.

At Tirunelveli, Ms Sornalatha, leading lawyer from Tuticorin was invited to deliver a special address on Women Empowerment. She is a social activist and member of many associations for protecting women’s rights. Through practical and appropriate examples, she made the talk very interesting and interactive. The participants  found the lecture very interesting.
22nd Hospital Day of Aravind Eye Hospital Coimbatore
Aravind – Coimbatore,09 March 2019


Aravind Eye Hospital - Coimbatore successfully completed twenty two years of service towards restoring sight. The celebrations began with prayer song. Dr. Parag K Shah, Medical Consultant, Retina Services welcomed the gathering. Dr. V.R.Saravanan, Medical Consultant presented the Annual Report for the year 2018. Chief Guest, Dr. P. Namperumalsamy, Chairman Emeritus, Aravind Eye care System gave an inspirational speech about the service rendered by the team. He appreciated the team for their dedication, hard work and commitment in the journey of eliminating needless blindness. Awards were given to employees who have completed 5, 10, 15 and 20 years of service. Vote of thanks was proposed by Dr. P Mangala, Medical Consultant, Cornea Clinic.
Soft Skill Training for MLOPs
Aravind-Tirunelveli, March 13


Mr. R. Ganesh, Founder - Life Improvement through Mind Engineering handled the session for the first and second year MLOPs of Aravind-Tirunelveli.
Tour for MLOPs
Aravind-Tirunelveli, March 17


As a part of employee welfare activity, first year employees, both MLOPs and Admin were taken on a one day tour to Kanyakumari. The team visited Thovalai Murugan temple, Vivekananda Rock, newly inaugurated Ramanaya Darshan & Bharat Mata Mandir and also the recently opened “Lord Venkateswara Temple” called as Twin Tirupathi.

Aravind-Coimbatore, March 17
One day tour for MLOPs was arranged to Ooty. The team enjoyed seeing the botanical garden and Doddabetta and also relished the pleasant ambience. MLOP trainees were taken on tour to Marudhamalai in two batches on March 20 and 22, 2019. 55 MLOPs of Coimbatore & Tirupur were taken to Black thunder, 20 MLOPs of Udumalapet were taken to Kodaikanal on March 24.
World Glaucoma Week Celebration
Aravind, March 10-16


World Glaucoma Week was observed across the Aravind centres with a wide variety of programmes. Awareness programmes included, sessions, exhibitions, rallies and distribution of flyers and pamphlets about the disease. Exclusive camps were conducted to screen people for Glaucoma. Talks were given by glaucoma experts on local FM and television channels. 
Tomey Optial Biometer


Rotary Club - Madras EAST funded for Tomey Optical Biometer equipment for Aravind’s four secondary centres - Tirupur, Udumalpet, Dindigul and Tuticorin. An official launch was held at Aravind Eye Hospital, Chennai. District Governor Rtn. Babu Peram performed the inauguration and gave a talk on the project. Dr. G. Natchiar spoke about Rotary’s effective way of reaching the public and briefed on Aravind’s community outreach initiatives. At Aravind-Tirupur and Udumalpet, Mr. Nandhagopal and Rtn. Ganesan performed the inauguration. 75 members from Rotary club – Madras East participated.
Inauguration of Gingee Vision Centre
Aravind – Pondicherry, March 22, 2019


75th Vision Centre for Aravind Eye care System and 12th Centre for Aravind Pondicherry was inaugurated at Gingee on 22nd March 2019. The centre was inaugurated by Gingee MLA, Mr. K.S. Masathan, Mrs. Malliga Sandhanam and Dr. Renuka Vijayan. Members from Lions and Rotary Merchant Association felicitated the programme. Dr. R. Venkatesh, Chief Medical Officer - Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry explained about the purpose of vision centre and its functions to the guests and audience. On the first day, Gingee Vision Centre handled 93 outpatients. Out of 93 patients, 19 glasses were prescribed and 9 patients ordered glasses. 24 cataract patients and 18 patients with specialty eye problems were referred to base hospital. 
Vision Centre at Sithayankottai shifted to Kannivadi
March 20


The centre at Kannivadi was inaugurated by Mr. Ramanathan PRO, Aravind- Madurai. Lions Club members, various community leaders and Aravind’s senior staff were present. The VC team screened 111 patients on the inaugural day. 

Creche Graduation Day
Aravind, March 22


Tiny tots of Aravind’s day care at Madurai and Coimbatore celebrated their graduation day. Five children each from both these centres graduated. Cultural programmes performed by the children were thoroughly enjoyed by the audience.
Awareness Talk on Kidney Diseases
Aravind-Madurai, March 23


Dr. Sriramulu Dorairaj, Head, Nephrology Department, Vellamal Medical College & Research gave an awareness talk on kidney diseases to all staff members.  He explained the importance of maintaining kidney in good condition and how to protect kidneys from various diseases. The session was very useful and informative.
ESI Medical camp for Aravind Employees 
Aravind-Madurai, March 26


HR department arranged ESI Medical Camp for Aravind staff in the hospital premises. About 393 staff were screened. Specialists from Gynaecology, Ortho, Skin, Siddha & Ayurvedha examined the employees. It was an opportunity for the employees to have their complete health checkup done under one roof. Lab & ECG technicians, Pharmacist, Staff Nurses and ANM staff helped screen and provide necessary investigations and medicines at this high volume camp. 
Personality Development Course 
Aravind-Madurai, March 14-30


Second batch of MLOPs were taken to Aliyar Arivu Thirukkovil for Personality Development Course. Twenty employees participated in this 15 day course. Certificates were issued at the end.
Residents Social Responsibility
Aravind-Madurai, March 21


Post graduate residents of Aravind Eye Hospital Madurai organized the programme at Aakash school for Children with Special Needs, maintained by M.S.Chellamuthu trust-Alagarkoil. Children with special needs and staff of the school were screened and spectacles were provided for those in need, Low Vision Aid Clinic and Orbis team helped arrange this social camp. Dr.Prajna, Director-Academics, and his guests Dr.Baljeon Dhillon (UK), Dr. Maghizh Anandan (UK), Dr. Bertie Surgith Fernando (UK) were also present.
Promoting Eye Donation Awareness 
Aravind-Madurai, March 22


Mr. Saravanan, Manager, Eye Bank, Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai  handed over 13 eye donation awareness boards to Dr. Arjun Kumar, Deputy Director of Health Services, Madurai and Mr. Muthu Vel, District Health Educator, Madurai.  These posters will be distributed to 13 block level primary health centres. The posters are expected to create awareness among the community on eye donation and also  to bridge the gap between Primary health centres and Eye Banks.
Eye Donation Awareness Programme
Government Hospital, Tirumangalam, March 18
Mr. Saravanan, handled an awareness session on hospital cornea retrieval programme and its importance to the staff of Government Hospital, Tirumangalam. 30 staff including doctors and nurses attended this session.
CME on Uveitis – Common Mistakes in Diagnosis and Management
Aravind– Coimbatore, March 24


Aravind Eye Hospital, Coimbatore in association with Coimbatore Society of Ophthalmic Surgeons, under the aegis of Uveitis Society of India, conducted the CME. Dr. Manohar Babu, Chief - Uvea & Cataract Services, AEH, Salem, welcomed the gathering. External faculty included eminent national faculty and pioneers in the field of uveitis including Dr. Jyothirmay Biswas, Head of Uvea services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Dr. Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Consultant, Uvea services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai and Dr Padmamalini Mahendradas, HOD of Uveitis and Ocular Immunology, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore. Dr. Anuradha V K, Head, Uvea Services, AEH, Coimbatore proposed a vote of thanks. The conference received an overwhelming response and had a total of 191 delegates. The sessions were followed by active participation from the audience and elaborate discussions by the faculty. An interactive quiz program conducted by Dr. Parthopratim D Majumder. The programme was accredited with 3 credit points from Tamil Nadu Medical Council and 5 credit points from Dr MGR Medical University. 
Workshop on HR Issues
Pune, March 02-03


R. Deepa
- Employee Engagement
- Organizational Values and Culture
- Performance appraisal
- recruitment and selection
All India Ophthalmic Society (AIOS) Conference
Indore, February 14-17
Dr. R. Venkatesh 
- Routine fundus photography in Vision centres: Stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized trial in South India (Free Paper)
- Chair Person for the session Eye Care and Environmental Impact 
- Co-instructor – IC for Challenging Phacoemulsification Cases: Combining Techniques and Technology
- Co-instructor – IC for Innovative Solutions for Complex Anterior Segment Situations: A Video assisted course
- Co-chairperson in Debates & Controversies (Surgical Glaucoma )

Dr. S. Kavitha
- Moderating Glaucoma (Free paper)
- Session-3- Judging Glaucoma Free Paper Finals. 
- IC on 'Working towards Success of Trabeculectomy" Talk on '' Dealing with a Failing Bleb"                                                                             
Dr. S. Balamurugan
- Speaker In Debates & Controversies in Both Sides of a Story: Treatment Dilemmas in Uveitis
- Chief Author & Presenting Author in “Ripley believe it or not! Steroids stand alone are not useful in these uveitis entities!”
- Moderator in “Clinical Rounds - Comprehensive Ophthalmology”

Dr. Swati Upadhyaya
- Presented a Video Titled: ''Can GATT be an Effective Surgical option for POAG in Developing Countries"

Dr. S. Subashini
- Study in isolation frequency and antibiotic susceptibility patients of nocardia keratitis.
- Catching Diabetic Retinopathy patients at camp site and Dose it really works effectively?
- Clinical profile of Endogenous Endophthalmitis-Case series (E-Poster)
- Mon Mode Misery (Poster Presentation)

Dr. S. Priya
- Diagnostic skill transfer course in Neuro Ophthalmology session

Dr. Balraj 
- Neuro-Ophthalmic signs of Intracranial Tumors (Poster Presentation)

Dr. Kokila Priya 
- FLACS in Alport’s syndrome (Poster Presentation)
APAO Conference
Bangkok, Thailand, March 06-09


Dr. Naresh Babu 
- Poster - Comparison of Surgical Performance of Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling Using 3D Visualization System With Conventional Microscope
- Video- Repositioning of Inadvertent Intralenticular Ozurdex: A Vitreoretinal Approach

Dr. Vignesh 
- Paper - Eplerenone for CSCR with chronic CME

Dr. Haripriya 
- Free Paper – Incidence and outcomes of Toric IOL Repositioning Surgery
- Free Paper – Endophthalmitis reduction with Intracameral Moxifloxacin following posterior capsule rupture
- Speaker – Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS)
- Speaker – Reducing Endophthalmitis risk with PCR
- Speaker – Intracameral Moxifloxacin for Endophthalmitis Prophylaxis in cataract surgery (Audio experience)
Workshop on Rights of persons with Disabilities 2016
Madurai, March 13, 2019


Dr. Sahithya
- Totally blind low vision: Early Detection, symptoms, treatment and prevention

D. Saravanan, Manager
- Corneal blindness free Bharat – only solution is eye donation

Workshop on Skill Enhancement for Eye care Counsellors (SEEC)
Pune, March 16-17, 2019


LAICO conducted 6th SEEC workshop at PBMA’s H.V. Desai Eye Hospital, Pune. 55 participants from 31 hospitals in and around Pune were participated in this event, organised by Aurolab. The programme started with welcome speech by Dr. Kuldeep Dole, Director, PBMA’s HV Desai Eye Hospital. Major topics covered included IOL - types & designs, dealing with unwilling patients, Post-Operative counseling and role play session. Dr. Rajesh Nair, Soft Skills Trainer, Pune handled a session on The art of communication. Dr. Kavitha, Psychologist, Pearl Women's hospital, Pune handled a session on “How to be an effective counsellor”. Dr. Rahul Deshpande, Medical Director, PBMA's H. V. Desai Eye Hospital distributed certificate to participants and delivered valedictory address. The participants found the workshop was very useful and informative.

Enrolments for March 2019 at Aravind Eye Care System

Course title
Training Centre
Enrolments for March 2019
Long Term Fellowship Programs - For Ophthalmologists
Fellowship in IOL & Anterior Segment
Fellowship in Cornea
Fellowship in Glaucoma
Fellowship in General Ophthalmology
Fellowship in Paediatric ophthalmology
Fellowship in Retina Vitreous
Short Term Clinical courses - For Ophthalmologists
Lasers in Diabetic Retinopathy
Clinical observership in glaucoma
Short term training in vitrectomy
Management of Retinopathy of Prematurity and Paediatric Retinal Disorders
Small incision cataract surgery
Paramedical Courses
Fundus fluorescein angiography & ultrasonography
Eye Bank courses
Training in eye bank techniques
  • Virna M Shah, Karthik Panikkar. Optic neuritis in an immunocompetent 40-year-old female due to fungal sphenoidal sinusitis. GMS Ophthalmol Cases. 2019;9:Doc06.
    Article View

  • Roohipoor R, Alvarez R, Brodowska K, Yaseri M, Kloek C, Riazi M, Nourinia R, Nikkhah H, Prajna NV, Krishnan C, Tuli S, Green L, Srikumaran D, Shah AS, Mantagos IS, Chiang M, Chan RVP, Loewenstein J. Evaluation of computer-based retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) education for ophthalmology residents: a randomized, controlled, multicenter study. J AAPOS. 2019 Mar 15. pii: S1091-8531(19)30064-3.
    Article View

  • Annamalai AK, Ellard S, Shanmugam M, Juganya TPJ, De Franco E. Juvenile Diabetes & Visual Impairment: Wolfram Syndrome. QJM. 2019 Mar 19. [Epub]
    Article View

  • Sara SH, Prajna NV, Senthilkumari S. Human amniotic membrane as a drug carrier – An in-vitro study using fortified cefazolin ophthalmic solution. Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:472-5.
    Article View

  • Prajna NV, Srinivasan M, Mascarenhas J, Lalitha P, Revathi R, McClintic SM,O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. Visual impairment in fungal versus bacterial corneal ulcers four years after successful antimicrobial treatment. Am J Ophthalmol. 2019 Mar 19. [Epub]
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  • Shivananda N, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Seema R, Samantaray PP, Austin A, Pickel J,Porco T, Lietman T, Rose-Nussbaumer J. Mycotic Antimicrobial Localized Injection (MALIN): A Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating Intrastromal Injection of Voriconazole. Ophthalmology. 2019 Mar 20. [Epub]
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  • Shah VM, Gawas G. Purtscher’s retinopathy in one and sixth nerve palsy in the other eye following head trauma. GMS Ophthalmol Cases. 2019;9:Doc09
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  • Rathinam SR, Vedhanayagi, Balagiri S, Priya S. A cross sec¬tional assessment of knowledge, atti¬tude and practice towards Leptospiro¬sis among rural and urban population of a South Indian District. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res. 2019;16(2):1-14.
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  • Lalitha P, Seitzman GD, Kotecha R, Hinterwirth A, Chen C, Zhong L, Cummings S,Lebas E, Sahoo MK, Pinsky BA, Lietman TM, Doan T. Unbiased Pathogen Detection and Host Gene Profiling for Conjunctivitis. Ophthalmology. 2019 Apr 3. [Epub]
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  • Madanagopalan VG, Mouttapa F, Singh J. Early Buckle Migration and Restrictive Strabismus after Successful Medical Management of Scleral Buckle Infection. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2019 Apr 5:1-3.
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  • Cox JT, Ganesh Babu S, Munoz B, Friedman DS, Ravindran RD. Visual Acuity Outcomes after Cataract Surgery: High- vs. low-volume surgeons. Ophthalmology. 2019 Apr 8. [Epub]
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  • Priya S, Rajesh V, Shivananda N. Diagnosis of a globular lens – a ring in the eye. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019 Apr;137(4):e184413.
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  • Naveen R, Arun Kumar P, Ashwin B, Mano Ranjan Das, Prajna NV. Colonization of therapeutic contact lens by dematiaceous fungi. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Apr 10.
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  • Berner D, Hoja U, Zenkel M, Ross JJ, Uebe S, Paoli D, Frezzotti P, Rautenbach RM, Ziskind A, Williams SE, Carmichael TR, Ramsay M, Topouzis F, Chatzikyriakidou A, Lambropoulos A, Sundaresan P, Ayub H, Akhtar F, Qamar R, Zenteno JC, Cruz-Aguilar M, Astakhov YS, Dubina M, Wiggs J, Ozaki M, Kruse FE, Aung T, Reis A, Khor CC, Pasutto F, Schlötzer-Schrehardt U. The protective variant rs7173049 at LOXL1 locus impacts on retinoic acid signaling pathway in pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2019 Apr 15. [Epub]
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Awareness Session on Electro Static Discharge
Aurolab, March 18


Mr. Selvaganapathi, trainer from ESD Techcon Pvt. Ltd handled the session for the staff members. Training was provided as per ANSI/ESD S20.20-2014 & IEC 61340-5-1 for the advancement of workplace, so that the employees are better prepared to handle electro static discharge sensitive devices. 
Guest Lecture in Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai
Aurolab, March 11


Mr. Sundaraganesh, Division Manager, IOL was invited as guest speaker for a short term course on Design, Manufacturing, Analysis of implants with bio materials and its characterization at Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai. He delivered a lecture on the topic, Biomaterials and its uses. Faculty from various engineering colleges attended the workshop.

March - 2019


Udumal pet

Tuti corin
Paying (New & Review) 56,304 8,213 28,151 30,014 24,361 6,614 4,230 11,542 3,425 5,396 3,168 16,132 1,97,550
Free:Direct walk-in (New & Review) 16,773 2,197 6,985 10,515 10,322 NA 1,254 2,096 2,198 989 NA 4,012 57,341
Comprehensive Eye Camps 6,630 1,701 4,092 6,408 4,919 NA 302 2,012 228 224 NA 1,361 27,877
Diabetic Retinopathy camps 957 266 NA 1,230 661 NA 105 NA NA NA NA NA 3,219
Glaucoma Camps NA 613 386 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 999
Refraction Camps 1,874 520 840 1,603 983 NA 428 NA NA NA NA NA 6,248
Mobile Refraction Unit NA NA NA 398 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 398
School Screening camps 757 NA 49 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 806
Paediatric Camps NA NA 520 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 520
Vision Centres 24,514 6,342 12,840 4,679 8,070 NA 1,126 NA 1,510 NA NA NA 59,081
Community Centres / City Centres 9,007 1,906 2,629 NA 2,879 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 16,421
Total OP Examinations 1,16,816 21,758 56,492 54,847 52,195 6,614 7,445 15,650 7,361 6,609 3,168 21,505 3,70,460
Total Number of Camps 28 9 25 32 21 NA 1 11 2 2 NA 6 137
Service Proportion of Cataract Surgeries
Paying 3,513 390 1,251 1,450 1,623 323 275 691 242 205 147 938 11,048
Free (Direct) 2,966 302 755 1,645 1,384 157 228 316 427 139 NA 324 8,643
Camp 2,270 145 572 1,471 1,148 NA 64 248 25 15 225 NA 6,183
Total Cataract Surgeries 8,749 837 2,578 4,566 4,155 480 567 1,255 694 359 147 1,487 25,874
Note: NA - Not Applicable